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CONVENTION ON BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
Wed 30 Mar 2011 02:56:52 | 0 comments
The Convention on Biological Diversity is an international legally binding treaty with 3 main goals: conservation of biodiversity, sustainable use of biodiversity ,fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the use of genetic resources. Its overall objective is to encourage actions which will lead to sustainable future. The conservation of biodiversity is a common concern of mankind. The CBD covers biodiversity at all levels: ecosystem, species and genetic resources.
It also covers biotechnology including the Cartegena Protocol; on biosafety. In fact it covers all possible domains that are directly or indirectly related to biodiversity and its role in development , ranging from science, politics and education to agriculture, business,culture and much more.
The CBD's goverening body is the Conference of the Parties . This ultimate authority of all governments that have ratified the treaty meets every 2 years to review progress , set priorities and commit to work plans. The Secretariat of the CBD is based in Montreal, Canada.
FACTS ABOUT CBD
- The CBD is opened for signature at the Earth Summit in Rio De Janeiro on June 1992 and entered into force on 29 December 1993
- Till date, there are 193 parties.
- Components of biodiversity are all the various forms of life on earth including ecosystems, animals, plants, fungi, microorganisms and genetic diversity.
- With its 3 objectives , the CBD is often seen as the key international instrument for sustainable development.
- Ecosystems , species and genetic resources should be used for the benefit of humans , but in a way that does not lead to the decline of biodiversity.
- Substantial investments are required to conserve biodiversity , but it will bring significant environmental and social benefits in return.
- The ecosystem approach is the framework for action under the convention.