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BADMINTON AND CRICKET

BADMINTON AND CRICKET
badminton--cricket


 This wiki project is started by Aajma Manoj as part of libraryjunction project.

Other Members of this project are:Phebe Joshua, Joel Danny Alex and Ajay Mohan V

CONTENTS 

1)Badminton

     *Rules

     *Badminton in Kerala

2)Cricket

     *Cricket in India

     *History

     *Cricket in Kerala

     *Players from Kerala

                                                       BADMINTON



1.Badminton:Badminton is a racquet  sport played by either two opposing players (singles) or two opposing pairs (doubles), who take positions on opposite halves of a rectangular court that is divided by a net. Players score points by striking a shuttlecock (also known as a birdy) with their racquet so that it passes over the net and lands in their opponents' half of the court. Each side may only strike the shuttlecock once before it passes over the net. A rally ends once the shuttlecock has struck the floor.

The shuttlecock (or shuttle) is a feathered projectile whose unique aerodynamic properties cause it to fly differently from the balls used in most racquet sports; in particular, the feathers create much higher drag, causing the shuttlecock to decelerate more rapidly than a ball. Shuttlecocks have a much higher top speed, when compared to other racquet sports. Because shuttlecock flight is affected by wind, competitive badminton is played indoors. Badminton is also played outdoors as a casual recreational activity, often as a garden or beach game.

Since 1992, badminton has been an Olympic sport with five events: men's and women's singles, men's and women's doubles, and mixed doubles, in which each pair consists of a man and a woman. At high levels of play, the sport demands excellent fitness: players require aerobic stamina, agility, strength, speed and precision. It is also a technical sport, requiring good motor coordination and the development of sophisticated racquet movements.

Playing court dimensions

Badminton court, isometric view The court is rectangular and divided into halves by a net. Courts are almost always marked for both singles and doubles play, although the laws permit a court to be marked for singles only. The doubles court is wider than the singles court, but the doubles service court is shorter than the singles service court. The full width of the court is 6.1 meters (20 ft), and in singles this width is reduced to 5.18 meters (17 ft). The full length of the court is 13.4 meters (44 ft). The service courts are marked by a centre line dividing the width of the court, by a short service line at a distance of 1.98 meters (6.5 ft) from the net, and by the outer side and back boundaries. In doubles, the service court is also marked by a long service line, which is 0.78 meters (2 ft 6 inch) from the back boundary. The net is 1.55 meters (5 ft 1 inch) high at the edges and 1.524 meters (5 ft) high in the centre. The net posts are placed over the doubles side lines, even when singles is played. Surprisingly, there is no mention in the Laws of a minimum height for the ceiling above the court. Nonetheless, a badminton court will not be suitable if the ceiling is likely to be hit on a high serve.

Badminton in Kerala

Kerala Badminton (Shuttle) Association is an organization affiliated with Badminton Association of India. We are the legal, registered body constituted with the basic objective of promoting the game of shuttle badminton amongst the children in the State of Kerala. KBSA under the leadership of Shri S Muralidharan as Secretary and Shri A Valsalan as President is the only organization that has been recognized by Kerala State Sports Council for promoting Badminton in Kerala. We have 14 affiliated District units to Kerala Badminton (Shuttle) Association. Our players have excelled at the International and National events and Kerala is now been considered as one of the powerhouses for badminton in India.

for more details log on to http://edbsa.com/index.html.in/##

                                               WORLD OF CRICKET

2.Cricket

Cricket is a bat-and-ball team sport. Many variations exist, with its most popular form played on an oval-shaped outdoor arena known as a cricket field at the centre of which is a rectangular 22-yard (20.12 m) long pitch that is the focus of the game. A game (or match) is contested between two teams of eleven players each. One team bats, trying to score as many runs as possible while the other team bowls and fields, trying to dismiss the batsmen and thus limit the runs scored by the batting team. A run is scored by the striking batsman hitting the ball with his bat, running to the opposite end of the pitch and touching the crease there without being dismissed. The teams switch between batting and fielding at the end of an innings.

There are also variations in the length of a game of cricket. In professional cricket this ranges from a limit of 20 overs per side (Twenty20) to a game played over 5 days (Test cricket, which is the highest level of the game). Depending on the form of the match being played, there are different rules that govern how a game is won, lost, drawn or tied. The rules of two-innings games are known as the Laws of Cricket and maintained by the ICC and the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC); additional Standard Playing Conditions for Test matches and One Day Internationals augment these laws. In one version of Indoor Cricket, matches include just 6 players per side and include two 12-over innings.

Cricket was first documented as being played in southern England in the 16th century. By the end of the 18th century, it had developed to the point where it had become the national sport of England. The expansion of the British Empire led to cricket being played overseas and by the mid-19th century the first international matches were being held. Today, the game's governing body, the International Cricket Council (ICC), has 105 member countries. With its greatest popularity in the Test playing countries, cricket is the world's second most popular sport after Association football

HISTORY OF CRICKET

 The Royal Grammar School, Guildford, was the site for cricket's earliest definite reference.

Early cricket was at some time or another described as "a club striking a ball (like) the ancient games of club-ball, stool-ball, trap-ball, stob-ball". Cricket can definitely be traced back to Tudor times in early 16th-century England. Written evidence exists of a game known as creag being played by Prince Edward, the son of Edward I (Longshanks), at Newenden, Kent in 1301 and there has been speculation, but no evidence, that this was a form of cricket.

A number of other words have been suggested as sources for the term "cricket". In the earliest definite reference to the sport in 1598,it is called creckett. Given the strong medieval trade connections between south-east England and the County of Flanders when the latter belonged to the Duchy of Burgundy, the name may have been derived from the Middle Dutch krick(-e), meaning a stick (crook); or the Old English cricc or cryce meaning a crutch or staff.In Old French, the word criquet seems to have meant a kind of club or stick. In Samuel Johnson's Dictionary, he derived cricket from "cryce, Saxon, a stick".Another possible source is the Middle Dutch word krickstoel, meaning a long low stool used for kneeling in church and which resembled the long low wicket with two stumps used in early cricket. According to Heiner Gillmeister, a European language expert of Bonn University, "cricket" derives from the Middle Dutch phrase for hockey, met de (krik ket)sen (i.e., "with the stick chase"). Dr Gillmeister believes that not only the name but the sport itself is of Flemish origin.

In 1598,a court case referred to a sport called creckett being played by boys at the Royal Grammar School, Guildford around 1550. This is the sport's earliest definite mention. It is believed that it was originally a children's game but references around 1610indicate that adults had started playing it and the earliest reference to inter-parish or village cricket occurs soon afterwards. In 1624, a player called Jasper Vinall was killed when he was struck on the head during a match between two parish teams in Sussex.

The first English touring team on board ship at Liverpool in 1859

During the 17th century, numerous references indicate the growth of cricket in the south-east of England. By the end of the century, it had become an organised activity being played for high stakes and it is believed that the first professionals appeared in the years following the Restoration in 1660. A newspaper report survives of "a great cricket match" with eleven players a side that was played for high stakes in Sussex in 1697 and this is the earliest known reference to a cricket match of such importance.

The game underwent major development in the 18th century and became the national sport of England. Betting played a major part in that development with rich patrons forming their own "select XIs". Cricket was prominent in London as early as 1707 and large crowds flocked to matches on the Artillery Ground in Finsbury. The single wicket form of the sport attracted huge crowds and wagers to match. Bowling evolved around 1760 when bowlers began to pitch the ball instead of rolling or skimming it towards the batsman. This caused a revolution in bat design because, to deal with the bouncing ball, it was necessary to introduce the modern straight bat in place of the old "hockey stick" shape. The Hambledon Club was founded in the 1760s and, for the next 20 years until the formation of MCC and the opening of Lord's Old Ground in 1787, Hambledon was both the game's greatest club and its focal point. MCC quickly became the sport's premier club and the custodian of the Laws of Cricket. New Laws introduced in the latter part of the 18th century included the three stump wicket and leg before wicket (lbw).

Don Bradman had a Test average of 99.94 and an overall first-class average of 95.14, records unmatched by any other player.

The 19th century saw underarm bowling replaced by first roundarm and then overarm bowling. Both developments were controversial. Organisation of the game at county level led to the creation of the county clubs, starting with Sussex CCC in 1839, which ultimately formed the official County Championship in 1890. Meanwhile, the British Empire had been instrumental in spreading the game overseas and by the middle of the 19th century it had become well established in India, North America, the Caribbean, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand. In 1844, the first international cricket match took place between the United States and Canada (although neither has ever been ranked as a Test-playing nation).

In 1859, a team of England players went on the first overseas tour (to North America) and in 1862, an English team made the first tour of Australia. In 1876–77, an England team took part in the first-ever Test match at the Melbourne Cricket Ground against Australia.

W G Grace started his long career in 1865; his career is often said to have revolutionised the sport.[18] The rivalry between England and Australia gave birth to The Ashes in 1882 and this has remained Test cricket's most famous contest[citation needed]. Test cricket began to expand in 1888–89 when South Africa played England. The last two decades before the First World War have been called the "Golden Age of cricket". It is a nostalgic name prompted by the collective sense of loss resulting from the war, but the period did produce some great players and memorable matches, especially as organised competition at county and Test level developed.

The inter-war years were dominated by one player: Australia's Don Bradman, statistically the greatest batsman of all time. It was the determination of the England team to overcome his skill that brought about the infamous Bodyline series in 1932–33, particularly from the accurate short-pitched bowling of Harold Larwood. Test cricket continued to expand during the 20th century with the addition of the West Indies, India, and New Zealand before the Second World War and then Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh in the post-war period. However, South Africa was banned from international cricket from 1970 to 1992 because of its government's apartheid policy.

Cricket entered a new era in 1963 when English counties introduced the limited overs variant. As it was sure to produce a result, limited overs cricket was lucrative and the number of matches increased. The first Limited Overs International was played in 1971. The governing International Cricket Council (ICC) saw its potential and staged the first limited overs Cricket World Cup in 1975. In the 21st century, a new limited overs form, Twenty20, has made an immediate impact.


Cricket  In Kerala

Kerala Cricket Association (KCA) is the governing body of Cricketing activities in the Kerala state of India. It is affiliated to the Board of Control for Cricket in India.

KCA is also the parent body of 14 district Associations - one in each of the revenue districts of Kerala, responsible to govern the game of Cricket in their respective districts. KCA is involved in organizing the game from the grass root level to the International level.

KCA promotes and develops Cricket by conducting various League Tournaments, Tournaments for the age group Under-13, Under-15, Under-17, and Under-19, Under-22 and Under-25 categories besides organising and conducting National Tournaments.

PLAYERS FROM KERALA

--Sreesanth

Sreesanth (born February 6, 1983 in Kothamangalam, Kerala, India) (also known as S. Sreesanth, Shanthakumaran Sreesanth, and Sreesunth for a brief period), is an Indian cricketer. He is a right-arm fast-medium-pace bowler and a right-handed tail-ender batsman. In first class cricket, he plays for Kerala and in the Indian Premier League, he plays for Kings XI Punjab. He is the first Kerala Ranji player to play Twenty20 cricket for India. He is noted for his exuberant and emotional behaviour, especially whilst appealing for and celebrating wickets. Such trademark behaviour has seen him frequently fined for violating the player conduct guidelines of the International Cricket Council. In October 2009, the BCCI and Kerala Cricket Association issued separate warnings to Sreesanth for indiscipline, failure of which could invite drastic actions such as ban from domestic cricket.

Outside cricket, Sreesanth is a psychology student. In his childhood, he was a breakdancer, and had become a national champion when he was in eighth grade



Sreesanth bowling in the nets.

Sreesanth was selected for his first Test squad in the home series against England in March 2006, in place of Zaheer Khan. He claimed 4/95 in his debut appearance in the 1st Test in Nagpur, where he opened the bowling with Irfan Pathan.He was ruled out of the second Test in Mohali due to illness, but recovered and captured five wickets as well a 29* with the bat in the Third Test in Mumbai. With the axing of Pathan, Sreesanth became India's leading pace bowler on the tour of the West Indies. He missed the second Test due to an injury but managed to claim his best match figures of 5/72 in the 4th Test in Kingston, Jamaica.

Sreesanth's most significant performance to date in Test cricket was his role in the 1st Test of India's 2006 tour to South Africa at Johannesburg. After losing the limited-overs series 4-0, Sreesanth produced took 5-40 in a display of pace and swing to help dismiss South Africa. This performance helped to bowl South Africans out for just 84, leading to first Indian win on South African soil, for which he was named man of the match. Again, Sreesanth's emotional antics, which have led him to be regarded by some commentators as eccentric, were frequently noted. He was fined after breaching the International Cricket Council's advertising logo policy, and also for "conduct contrary to the spirit of the game" after sending off Hashim Amla after dismissing him.He was also involved in a highly-publicised confrontation while batting against paceman Andre Nel. Nel delivered a series of fast balls at Sreesanth's upper body and after Sreesanth ungainly evaded one delivery, taunted him by gesturing to his chest, indicating that he felt Sreesanth was lacking in courage. On the next ball, Sreesanth gave him the charge and hit the ball straight over the bowler's head into the stands for a six. He then whirled his bat in enthusiam and danced down the wicket, making fun of Nel and performing a dance. Later, Sreesanth said that he would not repeat anything of the sort, since he could be suspended for violating the code of conduct.Even though he went unpunished for the Nel incident, he was fined 30% of the match fee for running towards Hashim Amla after picking up his wicket, and wearing a branded garment under the jersey.

Raiphi Vincent Gomez

Raiphi Vincent Gomez (born 16 October 1985) is an Indian first class cricketer, who plays for the state of Kerala. He is a right-handed batsman and a right arm medium bowler. He was selected by Rajasthan Royals for the 2009 season of Indian Premier League. This made him the second Kerala Ranji player to be selected by an IPL franchise, after Sreesanth, who was selected by Kings XI Punjab in the 2008 season.

Raiphi Vincnet Gomez selected for Kochi IPL Team for IPL Season 4. He signed the contract for Rs 30 Lakhs



Full name: Raiphi Vincent Gomez


Born: 16th October 1985, Trivandrum (now Thiruvananthapuram), Kerala, India


Batting style:Right-hand batsman


Bowling style: Right-arm medium pace


Teams: Kerala (Main FC: 2006/07-2010/11); Kerala (Main ListA: 2004/05-2009/10); Kerala (Main Twenty20: 2006/07-2010/11);





It was his bosom friend Sreesanth who recommended Raiphy’s name to the management of Rajasthan Royals. Raiphy was called to attend the trials in Jaipur in November 2008. “There were around 30 first class cricketers from all over India for the trials. I batted in only one innings and made a quick 20 off 10 balls. But honestly I didn’t expect to be selected,” he said.

A letter of intent (LOI) was mailed to Raiphy after a few days after the trials seeking his consent to join the franchise. However, a disastrous performance in the Ranji Trophy made him fear that he would lose the offer from Rajasthan Royals. Raiphy was thinking of taking part in trials of other IPL franchises when he received the copy of the contract.


Mohammad Ebrahim Sanuth


Full name: Mohammad Ebrahim Sanuth

Born: July 25, 1989, Kowdiar, Trivandrum

Current age: 21 years 183 days

Major teams: Kerala, Kolkata Knight Riders

Bowling style: Right-arm offbreak

 


TEAMS THAT MOHAMMED SAUTH PLAYED FOR



Kerala (2008/09)
Kerala (2008/09)
Kerala Under-17s (2004/05-2005/06)
 Kerala Under-19s (2005/06-2007/08)
 Masters Cricket Club (2007/08-2009/10)
 Trivandrum Under-22s (2007/08-2009/10)
 Kerala Cricket Association XI (2007/08-2010/11)
 Trivandrum (2007/08)
 Kerala South Zone Under-19s (2007/08)
 Kerala South Zone (2007/08)
 Globstar Telecom Cricket Club (2007/08-2009/10)
 City Cricketers (2007/08-2009/10)
 Kerala South Zone Under-22s (2008/09)
 Kerala Under-22s (2008/09-2010/11)
 Kerala D Under-22s (2009/10)
 Cordiant Sports Foundation (2009/10)


Mohammad Ebrahim Sanuth

 




THERE ARE FEW MORE PLAYERS WHO ARE FAMOUS BUT NOT PLAYING IN THE INTERNATIONAL CRICKET



                                                                                          

                                                                              THE END




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