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|Type||Public (NASDAQ: GOOG, NYSE: GOOG, FWB: GGQ1)|
|Founded||Menlo Park, California (September 4, 1998 (1998-09-04))|
|Founder(s)||Sergey M. Brin|
Lawrence E. Page
|Headquarters||1600 Amphitheatre Parkway, Mountain View, California, United States|
|Key people||Lawrence E. Page|
(CEO, Co-Founder and President, Products)
Sergey M. Brin
(Co-Founder and President, Technology)
|Products||See list of Google products.|
|Revenue||US$ 29.321 billion (2010)|
|Operating income||US$ 10.381 billion (2010)|
|Profit||US$ 8.505 billion (2010)|
|Total assets||US$ 57.851 billion (2010)|
|Total equity||US$ 46.241 billion (2010)|
|Subsidiaries||YouTube, DoubleClick, On2 Technologies, Google Voice, Picnik, Aardvark, AdMob|
Google Inc. (NASDAQ: GOOG, NYSE: GOOG, FWB: GGQ1) is an American multinational public corporation invested in Internet search, cloud computing, and advertising technologies. Google hosts and develops a number of Internet-based services and products, and generates profit primarily from advertising through its AdWords program.The company was founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, often dubbed the "Google Guys",while the two were attending Stanford University as Ph.D. candidates. It was first incorporated as a privately held company on September 4, 1998, and its initial public offering followed on August 19, 2004. At that time Larry Page, Sergey Brin, and Eric Schmidt agreed to work together at Google for twenty years, until the year 2024. The company's mission statement from the outset was "to organize the world's information and make it universally accessible and useful", and the company's unofficial slogan – coined by Google engineer Paul Buchheit – is "Don't be evil". In 2006, the company moved to its current headquarters in Mountain View, California.
Google runs over one million servers in data centers around the world,and processes over one billion search requests and about twenty-four petabytes of user-generated data every day.Google's rapid growth since its incorporation has triggered a chain of products, acquisitions, and partnerships beyond the company's core web search engine. The company offers online productivity software, such as its Gmail email service, and social networking tools, including Orkut and, more recently, Google Buzz. Google's products extend to the desktop as well, with applications such as the web browser Google Chrome, the Picasa photo organization and editing software, and the Google Talk instant messaging application. Notably, Google leads the development of the Android mobile operating system, used on a number of phones such as the Nexus One and Motorola Droid. Alexa lists the main U.S.-focused google.com site as the Internet's most visited website, and numerous international Google sites (google.co.in, google.co.uk etc.) are in the top hundred, as are several other Google-owned sites such as YouTube, Blogger, and Orkut. Google is also BrandZ's most powerful brand in the world. The dominant market position of Google's services has led to criticism of the company over issues including privacy, copyright, and censorship.
Google began in January 1996 as a research project by Larry Page and Sergey Brin when they were both PhD students at Stanford University in California.
While conventional search engines ranked results by counting how many times the search terms appeared on the page, the two theorized about a better system that analyzed the relationships between websites.They called this new technology PageRank, where a website's relevance was determined by the number of pages, and the importance of those pages, that linked back to the original site.
A small search engine called "RankDex" from IDD Information Services designed by Robin Li was, since 1996, already exploring a similar strategy for site-scoring and page ranking. The technology in RankDex would be patented and used later when Li founded Baidu in China.
Page and Brin originally nicknamed their new search engine "BackRub", because the system checked backlinks to estimate the importance of a site.
Eventually, they changed the name to Google, originating from a misspelling of the word "googol",the number one followed by one hundred zeros, which was picked to signify that the search engine wants to provide large quantities of information for people.Originally, Google ran under the Stanford University website, with the domain google.stanford.edu.
The domain name for Google was registered on September 15, 1997,and the company was incorporated on September 4, 1998. It was based in a friend's (Susan Wojcicki ) garage in Menlo Park, California. Craig Silverstein, a fellow Ph.D. student at Stanford, was hired as the first employee.
SOURCE : WIKIPEDIA